Monday, May 25, 2020
Effect of Inorganic Nitrate on Autonomic Nervous Activity as Evaluated by Power Spectral Analysis of HRV Abstract Purpose Inorganic nitrate are known to be potentially beneficial to cardiovascular health by being reduced to nitric oxide. Introduction Numerous previous studies have shown that nitric oxide (NO) has been considered as a significant biological regulator which is beneficial for nervous system, cardiovascular system, lungs, gastrointestinal tract, renal system, and immune system. Previous studies have shown it regulates blood flow, muscle contractility, myocyte differentiation, glucose and calcium homeostasis, and mitochondrial respiration and biogenesis.  NO is generated in human body via two main pathways. It can be produced from the amino acid L-arginine by enzyme NO synthase (NOS) which is various group of enzyme presenting in body and the reduction of inorganic nitrates.  Omer et al. (2012) suggested NO can also be synthesised by the conversion of L-arginine to L-citrulline. This synthesis is catalysed by NOS.  There are two cofactors that are related to this reaction which includes oxygen and NADPH. Furthermore, three isoforms of NOS have been found including following neuronal NOS (nNOS or NOS I), inducible NOS (iNOS or NOS II) and endothelial NOS (eNOS or NOS III) which mediates immune functions, nervous functions, and endothelial cell functions respectively. Produced NO will be rapidly oxidised to nitrate by oxyhemoglobin and to nitrite
Thursday, May 14, 2020
Have you ever wondered why do we do things that we do? Why do we act in a certain way? What compels us to follow a path or formulate habits? One perspective among many others is the sociocultural perspective. A sociocultural perspective is an approach to understand why humans behave the way they do. It seeks to understand human behavior and personality development by examining the influence of rules of social groups on individuals who are members of those social groups. Sociocultural approach is an emerging topic that looks at the important contributions that society makes to an individual. The sociocultural approach is based on the assumption that our personalities, beliefs, attitudes and skills are learned from others. It refers to a point of view that is built upon the idea that society and culture are major factors that influence personalities. This approach believes that people are heavily influenced by their social environment. What makes and defines us as individuals is the ap plication of sociocultural approach. For example, if you look outside the window and see a man talking to a tree, what conclusions will you draw? You may think the man is a lunatic and needs some kind of medication. But would your opinion change if you knew that the man was Native American and Native Americans believe in a spiritual philosophy that trees can speak if you listen to them. So you see, the context of culture makes a huge difference in how you ascertain someoneÃ¢â¬â¢s behavior and thatÃ¢â¬â¢sShow MoreRelatedHistorical Perspectives of Abnormal Psychology1320 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesHistorical Perspectives of Abnormal Psychology Susan Hardin University of Phoenix Abnormal Psychology PSY/410 Krisit Lane, Ph.D. October 25, 2011 Historical Perspectives of Abnormal Psychology Historical perspectives of abnormal psychology sounds complicated, mainly due to the differing definitions, or interpretations, of what is considered abnormal. Identifying someone at work or in a social situation who appears to be behaving abnormally is easier to spot than it is to define theRead MorePsychology: Behavior and Mental Process1100 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesPsychology is the study of the behavior of individuals and their mental processes. (Gerrig page 2). I think the field of psychology is divided into several parts: Research, counseling, perspectives, goals, and careers. Research has played a vital role in the psychology. It has identified and helped us to understand how and why people feel, act, and think. Implementing the scientific method enables the results to be both reliable and valid. By employing this precise method, psychologists are ableRead MoreNature Vs Nurture : Is It Nature Working With Nurture?1550 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesIs the question really Nature ve rsus Nurture or is it Nature working with Nurture? These two forces work together to form a person throughout his or her life. Some scientists believe that personality is based on genetic predispositions, which is known as nature. Other scientists believe the way a person acts is from life experiences, the way a person is taught, and the environment in which a person grew up is known as nurture. In all honesty, the two go hand in hand. One side may pull a bit harderRead MoreMental Illness And Child Development881 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesMental Illness and Child Development Mental Illness is a prominent occurrence throughout the world and commonly overlooked in the development of children. From psychotic disorders, such as Schizophrenia and Schizoaffective Disorder to emotional dysregulation and mood disorders, such as Major Depression and Anxiety children are prone to such occurrences just as adults. Child development is a very broad subject that encompasses an array of environmental and biological factors contributing to theRead MorePsychology : Psychodynamic And Behavioral Perspectives1320 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pagessix modern psychological perspectives. These perspectives are behavioral, psychodynamic, humanistic, cognitive, sociocultural, and biological. Each perspective has its own unique way of explaining the human behavior. I believe to truly explain the complex mental processes and behavior, each perspective must be examined and not limited to just one. The following is my explanation and comparisons between two of these perspectives: psychodyna mic and behavioral perspectives pertaining to the articleRead MoreThe Ever-Changing Deviant Society Essay1499 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pagescauses of deviance and how deviance has changed throughout the years. So what, really, is deviance? According to John Macionis in Society: The Basics (2008), deviance is Ã¢â¬Å"the recognized violation of cultural normsÃ¢â¬ . These norms Ã¢â¬Å"guide virtually all human activities, [making] Ã¢â¬ ¦ the concept of deviance quite broadÃ¢â¬ (Macionis, 2008). In America a cultural norm may range from watching television frequently to going shopping every weekend to eating out at restaurants on a regular basis. Not only do normsRead MoreFamily Youth Communtiy Sciences1484 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pages 0.0/ 0.4 Points The stage concept assumes that change is A. development is a process of gradually adding more of the same types of skills that were there to begin with. B. change is fairly sudden rather than gradual and ongoing. C. infants and preschoolers respond to the world in much the same way as adults do. D. development is a smooth, continuous process. Question 3 of 25 0.0/ 0.4 Points Dr. Kudrow views development as open to change in response to influential experiences. Dr. KudrowRead MoreIntimate Relationships Between Estrogens And Androgens1676 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesWhen looking at intimate relationships from the varying psychological perspectives one must wonder how it is that any one perspective could be more or less important or contributive than another. Each perspective actually seems to come into play and have a role throughout an intimate relationship. When we first meet someone we decide if we are attracted to that person, we gauge how we physically respond to them this tends to be biologically driven, Ã¢â¬Å"The lust system is proposed to motivate individualsRead MoreThe Role Of Cultural And Social Influences On Our Behavior1301 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pagesdifferent ways psychologists study behaviors and mental processes. Included were the contemporary perspectives, such as behavioral, which focuses on behavior that is observed. Psychodynamic focuses on our fantasies and our hidden motives. Humanistic is all about our free will and conscious choices. Physiological is the relationships between biological processes and behavior. Cognitive perspective is our acquired knowledge, and last but not least is sociocultural, which places great value on the roleRead MoreKemet980 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesPARHAM ARTICLE, DESCRIBE AFRICAN PSYCHOLOGYÃ¢â¬â¢S INFLUENCE ON AFRICAN AMERICAN PSYCHOLOGY. African Psychology can be traced to Ancient Egypt known as Kemet. The people of ancient Egypt studied the human psyche or soul and the higher mental processes as a holistic environment. From their perspective, they believed that there was a continuity and harmony between nature and God. They had three levels components of being which were mental, physical, and spiritual. It was based on religion. They can
Wednesday, May 6, 2020
Eating Disorders and Alcohol Abuse The relationship between eating disorders and alcoholism has become a widely researched topic only in the last fifteen years. Since 1985, there have been an increasing number of research and case studies substantiating a correlation between these two behavioral and addictive disorders. Alcoholism affects nearly 14 million United States citizens (http://silk.nih.gov/silk/niaaa1/publication/booklet.htm ). The four basic elements of this disease include a craving for, loss of control over, physical dependence on, and tolerance to alcohol (http://silk.nih.gov/silk/niaaa1/publication/booklet.htm). Unfortunately, there is no cure for alcoholism, although various forms of treatment have become available.Ã¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦The mean age of the subjects was 32 years and 7 months and they were equally divided among the upper two social classes. The goal of this research was to examine the past and present eating habits of female alcoholics to determine whether or not a correlation b etween the two disorders existed. Two methods of research were used to evaluate the subjects: an interview and a questionnaire. One of the authors interviewed each subject individually. The interview consisted of two parts: (1) a detailed assessment of past and present eating behaviors and (2) an evaluation of drinking patterns. The first part of the interview based eating disorders on a variety of patterns, including binge-eating behaviors that lasted for at least 6 months. The second part of the interview used a pre-determined interview created by Stockwell et al. to determine levels of alcohol dependence. The questionnaire consisted of the Eating Attitudes Test, which is a standardized measure of anorectic and bulimic behavior (Lacey et al., 1986: pp. 390). The results of this study supported a correlation between past or present eating disorders and alcoholism. The sample had mild to moderate dependence on alcohol, ranging from continuous to fluctuating intake. 11 members of the sample had experience with binge eating. Nine of the patients had a history of purging to deter weight gain. All of the patients were menstruating and all but one were in normal weight ranges (Lacey et al., 1986). Although sixShow MoreRelated Eating Disorders And Substance Abuse Essay1636 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesEating Disorders And Substance Abuse Common Eating Disorders: The two most common eating disorders are bulimia nervosa and anorexia nervosa. Both disorders, primarily affect young women, therefore the majority of the research on eating disorders has been done with women subjects. The onset of bulimia is between adolescence and early adulthood while the onset of anorexia is between early and late adolescence. Not only is the onset different but the disorders are unique. Bulimia nervosa isRead MoreEating Disorders And Anorexia Nervosa951 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesEating disorders are a sickness that can come from psychological issues and it can disrupt the everyday diet. Ã¢â¬Å"A person with an eating disorder may have started out just eating smaller or larger amounts of food, but at some point, the urge to eat less or more spiraled out of control.Ã¢â¬ The common eating disorders are anorexia nervosa and bulimia nervosa. Anorexia nervosa is when someone seeÃ¢â¬â¢s themselves as an overweight person, so they watch what they eat since, they have a fear of becoming overweightRead MoreEating Disorders And Anorexia Nervosa974 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesEating disorders, are a sickness that can come from psychological issues and it can disrupt the everyday diet. Ã¢â¬Å"A person with an eating disorder may have started out just eating smaller or larger amounts of food, but at some point, the urge to eat less or more spiraled out of controlÃ¢â¬ (Ã¢â¬Å"Eating Disorder,Ã¢â¬ n.d.). The common eating disorders are anorexia nervosa and bulimia nervosa. Anorexia nervosa is when someone seeÃ¢â¬â¢s themselves as an overweight person, so they watch what they eat since, they haveRead MoreEating Disorders And Body Image1613 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pages Eating disorders and body image Cenia Xu Father Michael Mcgivney Catholic Academy Effects of Eating disorders have on teenagers Every day, teenagers are surrounded by different messages from different sources that impact the way they feel about the way they look. For some, poor body image is a sign of a serious problem: an eating disorder. Eating disorders are not just about food.The eating disorders containRead MoreBulimia Nervosa Is An Eating Disorder1420 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesBulimia nervosa is an eating disorder that consists of the distortion on oneÃ¢â¬â¢s body image and an obsessive desire to lose weight. It involves binge eating which is the rapid ingesting of large amounts of food, commonly followed by vomiting, fasting, or purging that is accompanied by depression. An individual with bulimia will attempt to avoid weight gain by vomiting or using laxatives, diuretics, or enemas. It is common to see a bulimic individual restrict their food intake or exercise excessivelyRead MoreSex, Drugs, And Pressure1065 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pagesmixed alcohol and drugs before intercourse. Ã¢â¬Å"In a random survey of 1,200 adolescents and young adults ages 13 to 24 throughout the United States, the Kaiser Family Foundation found that 81 percent reported that they have had intercourse, and 50 percent agreed that people their age mix alcohol and drugs a lot.Ã¢â¬ (Malick) IÃ¢â¬â¢ve been talking about teens that made the choice to have sex but most teens donÃ¢â¬â¢t make that choice. Some are taken advantage of and raped because of drugs and alcohol. STDÃ¢â¬â¢sRead MoreA Broad Spectrum Of Eating Disorders1066 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pagesbroad spectrum of eating disorders. Bulimia nervosa (BN), anorexia nervosa (AN) (two basic types, restrictive (ANR) and binge-purge (ANBP)), and binge eating disorder (BED). People with eating disorders often have a morphed perception of their body. Often they feel the need to be perfect, and when they do not look perfect to themselves they feel great shame. Which in effect causes suicide ideation, because they feel they do not deserve to live. It appears that eating disorders may carry the highestRead MoreRelationship Between Mental Health And Addiction1470 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesIf you or someone you love is seeking treatment for a substance abuse related disorder in addition to a psychiatric disorder, you will come across two terms in your research: co-occurring disorders and dual diagnosis. Right off you may be more concerned about simply getting help for your addiction. Maybe it has caused you to lose your job and your family is in tatters. It s important to note that when substance abuse and mental illness co-occur specialized treatment is needed. First, however, youRead MoreEffects Of Advertisements On American Youth1458 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pagesbody looks like. Today commercials showcase unrealistic versions of the average male and female, causing an increase in eating disorders each year. Advertisements also influence young people by convincing them that it is okay to drink and that there will be no consequences. Advertisements do no t show the long term effects that can happen to an individual when they start abusing alcohol; such as the need for blood transfusions or having seizures. They only show the scene where people seem to be havingRead MoreWhy Athletes Are Becoming An Elite Athlete909 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesathleteÃ¢â¬â¢s health whether it be from alcohol and/or drug abuse, and eating disorders such as anorexia nervosa, bulimia nervosa, or other disordered eating patterns. Both problems could be detrimental to the individualÃ¢â¬â¢s health and both raise ethical dilemmas for a coach to consider. In this paper we will further discuss the issues associated with both drug or substance abuse and eating disorders in athletes. The first topic that will be discussed is an eating disorder known as Anorexia nervosa. Anorexia
Tuesday, May 5, 2020
Ã¢â¬Å"Isabelle, come party with us!Ã¢â¬ As a sixteen-year-old, peer pressure can be dangerous. But IÃ¢â¬â¢m thankful for what IÃ¢â¬â¢ve seen within my friends and family. It keeps me away from drugs. As my friends and I grew up, some achieved high grades while other achieved a different kind of high. As for me, I started to become jealous of my friends with 4.0Ã¢â¬â¢s and ashamed of the others. I wanted to prove I could be as good of a student as my friends were. So I put all of my effort in school. With the goals I set for myself, I knew I needed to do this. And I did it. I raised all of my grades. My old Ã¢â¬Å"friendsÃ¢â¬ still ask me to party with them. But I have seen how they have lost themselves in drugs and I have seen how one of my family members has also. We will write a custom essay sample on Staying Strong or any similar topic specifically for you Do Not WasteYour Time HIRE WRITER Only 13.90 / page ItÃ¢â¬â¢s not who I am or who I want to be. I will be bringing to your college strength, by sticking to what I believe and believing in myself; I will bring concentration and determination with my school work, and I believe thatÃ¢â¬â¢s why I make a good fit. I will not give into peer pressure and I will do all I need to do to get the best education.
Friday, April 10, 2020
He formed Asking Alexandria after college when he met Ben Bruce in Nottingham. He started with Stand up and Scream in 2009, followed by Life Gone Wild in late 201 0, this was accompanied with a UK tour. 201 1 sees the release of Reckless and Relentless and rumors he is working on a solo album to be released later this year. He has settled down and given up the drink and drugs rock and roll lifestyle to be with his love Mica Gardner. He is currently living in Dallas in the US.In our modern society, music such as rap, pop, and country are the most popular and most listened to genres. However, here are hundreds of other genres that get little to no attention, such as metalwork and post-hardcore, and thousands of bands that get only moderate attention despite having extraordinary levels of talent. One such band is Asking Alexandria, a British metalwork/post-hardcore band. We will write a custom essay sample on Asking alexanria or any similar topic specifically for you Do Not WasteYour Time HIRE WRITER Only 13.90 / page They are what most people would classify as screams, because most of the lyrics are sung using guttural, scream-like sounds.Asking Alexandria was founded in 2008 and has produced two full-length studio albums, a short film, and nine music videos since then. Despite this success, there have still been countless robbers within the band and its members since its founding. The ability to overcome these obstacles while touring the world and achieving many different forms of success is one of the multiple reasons that Asking Alexandria is an outstanding band.Asking Alexandria was founded in 2008 when lead guitarist Ben Bruce returned from Dub. While in Dub, he had started a post-hardcore band with the name Asking Alexandria, which released one full-length studio album, but broke up shortly after when Bruce returned to the K. Upon his return, Bruce contacted his old band members: Danny Worsens, Kiering Doug? Defender, Ryan Bins, Joe Lancaster, Bin, and Robin Everett.Along with Bruce, they formed a metalwork/post-hardcore band under the name of Asking Alexandria, taking the name from Braces original band. Once formed, the band spent all of 2008 and the beginning of 2009 touring the UK and the united States. During this time, synthesis Ryan Bins left the band along with bassist Joe Lancaster, drummer Kiering Defender, rhythm guitarist Robin Everett, and keyboardist Bin.
Monday, March 9, 2020
The Hierarchy of Needs Essays The Hierarchy of Needs Essay The Hierarchy of Needs Essay Electronics retailers win big on Thanksgiving MasterCard Spending Pulse reported that U. S. electronics retailers hit the Jackpot with their early Thanksgiving openings, recording triple-digit growth on Thanksgiving Day this year compared to 2012. According to the November report, which tracks retail sales across all forms of payment, including credit cards, cash and check, sales for the electronics category shot up on Thanksgiving; however, sales in that sector declined slightly on Black Friday. MasterCard Advisors research has shown that 70% f what consumers spend on Black Friday occurs at the first two stores a shopper visits, said Sarah Quinlan, senior VP, market insights for MasterCard Advisors. With these kinds of holiday shopping statistics, its no wonder retailers are competing to open earlier and earlier every year so they can be the first to capture those critical dollars. And it appears this year, for the electronics category in particular, it worked. Overall, there was a clear shift in consumer spending from Black Friday to Thanksgiving Day this year. Retail sales on Thanksgiving were up 23. 8% year-over- ear, while Black Friday sales were up only 2. 87%. Thanksgiving and Black Friday together accounted for an 8% lift in sales over last year. In line with trends seen by SpendingPulse all year, more consumers turned to the Web this year and took advantage of online deals. On Thanksgiving Day, online holiday shopping grew 19. 4% year-over-year, and was up 12% on Bl ack Friday. In addition to electronics, apparel and Jewelry also saw notable growth on Thanksgiving Day, but declines on Black Friday. The luxury sector benefitted from both days, with strong double-digit growth on both Thanksgiving and Black Friday.
Saturday, February 22, 2020
Michael Jackson Pop Icon his reign and fall - Research Paper Example However, it is true to say that great men and women also have their twists and turns and therefore, Jackson is no exception. This paper will discuss the life of Michael Jackson, evaluating his ups and downs in his life as a pop star. The Rise and fall of Michael Jackson Michael Jackson is a man, who spent the largest part of his life in the public domain, both due to his successes and numerous controversies. The later to be pop icon was born in the year 1958, as the seventh born child in a family of 9 children. It may be important to note that, his was a family that could have been categorized as a working class, which meant that they were not too far from being considered poor. Apparently, it may never have occurred to him or his close associates that he would later turn out to be one of the most talented and influential musicians around the world (Heatley, 2009). MichaelÃ¢â¬â¢s music career begun when he was at a tender age of approximately 5 years, when he is considered to have made his debut performance. During this time, he was the lead singer of a group known as the Jackson 5, which comprised of artistes such as Jackie, Jermaine, Tito as well as Marlon, who were his brothers (Cadman, 2002). This group used to perform in clubs, where they had the privilege of sharing a platform with other renowned musicians, thereby exposing Michael to the much needed experience. The group performed on this platform for approximately 4 years after which they were discovered by two of Motown recordsÃ¢â¬â¢ signatories, i.e. Boby Tylor and the Vancouvers, who introduced the Jackson 5 to the producer; Beny Gordy, for auditions (Cadman, 2002). Consequently, they signed up with the production house i.e. Motown and this necessitated the group to relocate from their hometown to California. Working with Motown can be considered as the foundation of Michael JacksonÃ¢â¬â¢s success in the music industry. This is due to the fact that it enabled him as well as his group to become more professional thereby achieving a national outlook unlike when they were performing in clubs. For example, they managed to produce 14 albums as a group whereas Michael managed to record 4 on his own (Cadman, 2002). It is important to note that their first singles received a lot of praise and airplay across the US and in fact, they were ranked among the most favorite songs in the industry at that time. Some of these songs included and not limited to; I want you back, I will be there among others. Ambition is a virtue present in every man and woman and the Jacksons were no exception. It is therefore not a wonder to find that they decided to leave Motown after a short stay, to go and exercise their freedom and probably search for greener pastures. MichaelÃ¢â¬â¢s journey to glory, however, begun in the year 1977, when came to meet with Queens Jones, who would later become his producer with the Epic records. Working with Jones, he was able to release an album titled Off The Wall in 1979, and which became an instant success not only in the US but also internationally (Taraborrelli, 2009). It is estimated that this album managed to make sales of approximately 20 million copies and above, asserting the fact that the musician was destined for greater things in life. Apparently, his fans did not have to wait for long as in 1982 he went ahead to release one of the greatest albums of all times i.e. the Thriller. This
Thursday, February 6, 2020
Answer the questions related to fundamentals of finance - Research Paper Example For example, a company which is forced to delay investments to achieve earning target is trapped in short term vision. This tension can be described as a disturbance in equilibrium of maintaining balance between profitability & earning and growth & development of a firm. For example, a company focused on boosting high margin by reducing costs may also have to compromise on research and development or other investment on technological advancement. This may result in loosing profitability in long term to competitor. This tension can be described as a disturbance in equilibrium of maintaining balance between creating companywide benefits and utilizing individual potential of the units to the optimum level. One example of a firm trapped in such tension can be an organization which is swinging its operation between centralization and decentralization of its operations. The purpose of the Financial Statements is to provide information about the financial position, performance and comparative financial trend of the firm to various stakeholders in order to facilitate them in economic decision making. Internal financial statement, however, is prepared for internal management and managers. It facilitates them in financial analysis and making business decisions. Whereas, financial statements intended for public is used for external stakeholders such as investors, shareholders and regulators etc. The fundamental difference between the two is that financial statements for the public is standardized and regulated by the authorities and regulatory body. It has to comply with minimum international and local accounting standard. Furthermore, the public statement is required to be audited and endorsed by the external auditors. On the other hand, there are not strict regulatory standards for internal statements and are used for internal decision making. It is purpose driven and can be
Tuesday, January 28, 2020
Literary Criticism Quotes and Explanation Essay Ã¢â¬Å"Writing is easy. All you do is stare at a blank sheet of paper until drops of blood form on your forehead. Ã¢â¬ -Gene Fowler Fowler conveys that writing is a difficult, exacting task. The purpose of writing is to put our thoughts into words, and to make our words move our readers. Many writers are frustrated by their inability to put their thoughts onto paper. I have always had a difficult time writing. I find that I have good ideas, but that putting my thoughts into words is challenging. I find this problem in all kinds of writing, even projects I enjoyed like a short story we wrote in the 7th grade. I enjoy reading science fiction; it is the most interesting to me. I have always had a hard time picturing what I am reading in my head, but science fiction is easier to visualize. I dislike non-fiction the most because I find it uninteresting. Ã¢â¬Å"Human speech is like a cracked kettle on which we tap crude rhythms for bears to dance to, while we long to make music that will melt the stars. Ã¢â¬ -G. Flaubert FlaubertÃ¢â¬â¢s message is that human speech is imperfect and inelegant. Many people strive to speak fluently but aspects of their speech like word choice and grammar are imprecise. One way to express yourself when words do not work is body language. For example, if somebody doesnÃ¢â¬â¢t understand that you are trying to be sarcastic you can use body language to convey your message. You can also express yourself through art, like paintings or music. Some people also try to express themselves through the way that they dress. One advantage to using these methods is that you do not have to say anything but people can simply interpret your message. This can also act as a disadvantage because they might interpret it the wrong way.
Monday, January 20, 2020
AMAGASAKI, Japan - The death toll jumped to 71 Tuesday as crews pulled more victims from the wreckage of Japan's deadliest rail crash in decades. Investigators focused on whether excessive speed or the driver's inexperience caused the train to derail and slam into a building. AP Photo AFP Slideshow: Train Derails in Japan, Dozens Dead Train Derails in West Japan, Killing 50 (AP Video) The seven-car commuter train carrying 580 passengers left the rails Monday morning near Amagasaki, a suburb of Osaka about 250 miles west of Tokyo. It hit an automobile and then a nine-story apartment complex. More than 440 people were injured. Rescuers working under floodlights pulled out a conscious but seriously injured 46-year-old woman then reached a 19-year-old man passenger, also in serious condition. But most of the work was grim as crews pulled 14 more bodies from the twisted rail carriages, pushing the death toll from 57 to 71. Two of the five derailed cars were shoved inside and flattened against the wall of the building's first-floor parking garage. Distraught relatives rushed to hospitals looking for loved ones who might have been injured or killed in the 5:18 a.m. crash. They struggled to comprehend their loss. "I only saw him the night before," said Hiroko Kuki, whose son died in the crash. "I wish he were alive somewhere... I wish it were only a nightmare." Takamichi Hayashi said his elder brother, 19-year-old Hiroki, might be among those still in the wreck. He said Hiroki had called their mother twice on a mobile phone from inside one of the train cars hours after the crash but remained unaccounted for.
Sunday, January 12, 2020
The below note will give you a brief information about the way the organisationÃ¢â¬â¢s approach to collecting, sorting and using HR data. This was divided into the following: 1) Two reasons why the organization needs to collect HR data: a) Ã¢â¬Å"to be able to retrieve information whenever it is needed. For example each organisation has to keep accurate records or information of their employees in order to be able to use this information for planning ahead (Ã¢â¬ ¦) b) a legal requirement, for instance in order to be able to make accurate tax returns to the governmentÃ¢â¬  2) Two types of data that is collected within the organization and how each supports HR practices: a) sickness records: this type of data/report may be collected periodically (monthly or quarterly) and compared or analysed against each employeeÃ¢â¬â¢s attendance records. This helps the human resources to manage the attendance record of the organisation accurately and inform line managers of the constant attendance offenders (Ã¢â¬ ¦) b) the contact details for each employee especially home address. This is essential if a correspondence needs to be sent out to each employee, such as contract, payslips, pensionsÃ¢â¬  3) A description of at least two methods of sorting records and the benefits of each: a) manual method: Ã¢â¬Å"paper-based items such as employeesÃ¢â¬â¢ original application forms, contracts of employment and any other documentation Ã¢â¬â letters, references, and so on Ã¢â¬â that relate to employment. Such records should be systematically field for security purposes and ease of access to authorized users. (Ã¢â¬ ¦) b) electronically method: (Ã¢â¬ ¦) not only can absence turnover, pay and training be monitored easily, but specific programs on human resource planning, psychometric testing, employee development and appraisals can be used to help make relevant decisions. Databases containing employee details can be a real time-saver when it comes to working out pay awards, statistics on how many people have been trained who is due for retirement and so on (Ã¢â¬ ¦) Both of those methods help in strategic decision-making, support services to line managers, (Ã¢â¬ ¦) provides information when decisions need to be made about the future of an individual employeeÃ¢â¬  4) A statement of at least two essential items of UK legislation relating to the recording, storage and accessibility of HR data a) Data Protection Act (1998) Ã¢â¬Å"processed fairly and lawfully and shall not be processed unless certain conditions are met obtained only for specified and lawful purposes adequate, relevant and not excessive (Ã¢â¬ ¦) accurate and up to date kept for no longer than in necessary processed in accordance with the rights granted under the DPA98 kept securely not transferred to a country without adequate data protectionÃ¢â¬  b) Freedom of Information Act 2000: Ã¢â¬Å"provides public access to information held by public authorities. It does this in two ways: Public authorities are obliged to publish certain information about their activities; and Members of the public are entitled to request information from public authorities.Ã¢â¬  Part B493 This section analyses Absence Management in Private Sector in 2014. The information is based on the CIPD Survey Report, published in November 2014. The report concentrates on analysing data for organisations on absence as well as a focus on employee well-being. Additionally the report says, about the impact of government initiatives on absence management. The report was divided into the following sections: 1) Absence level: It has reduced considerably. The average level has fallen by 1.7 days this year compared with last. (Figure 1) Length of absence: nearly Ã ¾ of absence are short-term (up to 7 days), 14% of absence are long-term (up to 4 weeks) (Table 6) a) short-term absence: based on the vast majority 85% minor illness musculoskeletal injuries back pain home/family responsibilities stress mental ill-health (Table 10) 1/3 of private sector organisations reported increase in stress-related absence. The reasons of it are: high workloads, non-work relationships/family and management style. 2/5 of private services organisations report an increase in mental health problems Solutions: with regards to stress absence: management training and training to build personal resilience, flexible working options/improved work-life balance with regards to mental ill-health: counseling, flexible working options/improved work-life balance and employee assistance programmers,Ã training to line managers to effectively manage and support staff b) long-term absence: acute conditions (stroke, heart attack, cancer) stress musculoskeletal injuries mental ill health back pain (Table 13) Solutions: change the working patterns or environment to enable people to stay in or return to work, flexible working arrangements The vast majorities of organisations have a written absence/attendance management policy, record their employee absence rate collect information on the causes of absence and provide one or more well-being benefits. Developing line managersÃ¢â¬â¢ capability to manage absence (2014: 56% of those that made changes; 2013: 33%) This was achieved by an increased focus on attendance strategies and the fact that some organisations are developing line managers capability, from 39% (2013) to 61% (2014) 2) Cost of absence: It has increased compared with last year: 2014 Ã¢â¬â Ã £520 2013 Ã¢â¬â Ã £467 (Figure 2) 3) Approaches to absence management: a) short-term: return-to-work interviews (the most effective method) trigger mechanisms to revive attendance disciplinary procedures for unacceptable absence giving sickness absence information to line managers (Table 25) b) long-term: return-to-work interviews risk assessments to aid return to work occupational health involvement (table 26) 4) Government plan: 1/5 of organisations plan to access the new government Independent Assessment and Advisory Service (now called the Fit for Work Scheme). Summery: Most private sector employers believe they could decrease their absence levels. Organisations themselves need to ensure that they understand the cost of absence to help galvanise senior management support for addressing absence issues. Regular monitoring, review and act on the data they collect regarding the level and causes of absence, to ensure their approach to absence and well-being is relevant to their organisationÃ¢â¬â¢s specific issues. Clearly is essential to develop line managers in managing short-term absence.  Bibliography:  Why Organisations Need Data Ã¢â¬â College Essays Ã¢â¬â Oluwatayo. 2014. Why Organisations Need Data Ã¢â¬â College Essays Ã¢â¬â Oluwatayo. [ONLINE] Available at: http://www.studymode.com/essays/Why-Organisations-Need-Data-1001107.html. [Accessed 30 December 2014].  Why Organisations Need Data Ã¢â¬â College Essays Ã¢â¬â Oluwatayo. 2014. Why Organisations Need Data Ã¢â¬â College Essays Ã¢â¬â Oluwatayo. [ONLINE] Available at: http://www.studymode.com/essays/Why-Organisations-Need-Data-1001107.html. [Accessed 30 December 2014].  Introduction to Human Resource Management A Guide to HR in Practice, Charles Leatherbarow, Janet Fletcher, Donald Currie, Published by CIPD, 2013, page 77-78  Introduction to Human Resource Management A Guide to HR in Practice, Charles Leatherbarow, Janet Fletcher, Donald Currie, Published by CIPD, 2013, page 392  What is the Freedom of Information Act? | ICO. 2014. What is the Freedom of Information Act? | ICO. [ONLINE] Available at: https://ico.org.uk/for-organisations/guide-to-freedom-of-information/what-is-the-foi-act/. [Accessed 30 December 2014].  http://www.cipd.co.uk/binaries/absence-management_2014.pdf
Saturday, January 4, 2020
Critical Essay One Gettysburg Address by Abraham Lincoln Abraham Lincoln, the sixteenth president, was one of the most decorated commander-in-chiefs in American History, due to his never-ending push to mend our broken nation and move to the beginning. Nevertheless, many African Americans were forced to come to America to be sold into slavery in 1619. While the treatment of slaves was very unfair and, in many cases, inhumane, and was plagued with a lifetime of hard work and humiliation, after a little more than a hundred years President Lincoln took steps to not only voice his discomfort with slavery, but to do something about it. It is because of this discomfort that Abraham Lincoln notablyÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦Abraham Lincoln will forever be embedded in history for delivering a presidency filled with work that was geared towards the best interest of the American people. Lincoln took the seat at a very difficult time in AmericaÃ¢â¬â¢s early history, which was the Civil War. Lincoln made sure that after the war, that America rebu ilds itself. One thing from LincolnÃ¢â¬â¢s iconic speech that is not forgotten is Ã¢â¬Å"all men are created equalÃ¢â¬ . In todayÃ¢â¬â¢s society, all people are granted the same freedoms and equalities. It could be said that Lincolns speech though was given in 1863 was the start of the Civil Rights movement in a sense. Even though it was only around 270 words, The Gettysburg Address was a speech with many messages8. These powerful words, spoken by an influential president, was sure to promote change and equality throughout America eventually. Critical Essay 2 Ã¢â¬Å"I Have a Dream SpeechÃ¢â¬ by Martin Luther King There has been many influential figures in American History that have provided the American people with promising messages of hope and equality for all people. 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